马云

自己是一名普通程序员,和神一般存在的马云老师,不可能有交集。若要硬扯,也有。以前在杭州时,住在文一路上紧挨着杭州师范学院的翠苑小区,经常闻到旁边沥青厂传来的刺鼻沥青气味,以及时不时从远处民生药厂飘来的药味。相信马老师在杭州师范学院任教时,也经常闻到。

马云堪称伟大的企业家。马云缔造了伟大的阿里巴巴。阿里巴巴对社会、经济的巨大影响和贡献,毋庸置疑。马云提出了“阿里巴巴经济体”概念,这没有丝毫的夸张。阿里产品和服务产生的生态系统、交易规模和价值体量,以及对社会影响的深度和广度,冠以“经济体”名称,再恰当不过。

阿里的产品和服务,或多或少,总会用到。公司在用阿里云、阿里IoT等产品,技术开发也在用阿里开源的套件组件。自己没用过淘宝和天猫,支付宝则一直用。客观地讲,阿里的产品和服务很好用。“客户第一”,不只是说说,是坚持在做,仅此一点,就足够难能可贵。

马老师丝毫不懂技术,他发现了,或者说创造了一个巨大无比的应用场景,让技术踉踉跄跄跟上,能够支撑这个应用场景。当技术能够掌控这个全球最大的应用场景时,已是傲视群雄。

马老师一定有很多常人不具备的优秀特质,可能是坚毅果敢百折不挠,是嬉笑怒骂谈笑风生,是天马行空大开大合…或许都不是。伟大的马老师并不完美,更伟大的可能是他并不尝试去追求完美。

斗胆猜测,马老师应该是相信真实的人性,相信市场经济,相信美好和善良。正因为如此,在这令人悲观的时代,有马云这样的企业家和阿里巴巴这样的企业存在,历史倒退的可能性会变小。多一些马云和阿里巴巴,会让人感到希望。

祝福马云。即使十年后再来一场退休告别,依然会真诚祝福。

程序正义:如何公平地分蛋糕

“…一群人分蛋糕,怎样才能保证公平?撇开技术细节,显而易见的方法是,其他人先拿,分蛋糕的人最后拿。…”

《正义论》约翰.罗尔斯

“The intuitive idea is to design the social system so that the outcome is just whatever it happens to be, at least so long as it is within a certain range. The notion of pure procedural justice is best understood by a comparison with perfect and imperfect procedural justice. To illustrate the former, consider the simplest case of fair division. A number of men are to divide a cake: assuming that the fair division is an equal one, which procedure, if any, will give this outcome? Technicalities aside, the obvious solution is to have one man divide the cake and get the last piece, the others being allowed their pick before him. He will divide the cake equally, since in this way he assures for himself the largest share possible. This example illustrates the two characteristic features of perfect procedural justice. First, there is an independent criterion for what is a fair division, a criterion defined separately from and prior to the procedure which is to be followed. And second, it is possible to devise a procedure that is sure to give the desired outcome. Of course, certain assumptions are made here, such as that the man selected can divide the cake equally, wants as large a piece as he can get, and so on. But we can ignore these details. The essential thing is that there is an independent standard for deciding which outcome is just and a procedure guaranteed to lead to it. Pretty clearly, perfect procedural justice is rare, if not impossible, in cases of much practical interest.”

A Theory of Justice, John Rawls