夜读

夜读,是周国平的一本随笔集。书中几乎每一句都是睿智的金句,都能引发思考、感叹、联想或共鸣。

读书时喜欢用铅笔,将好词好句划出。对这本《人与永恒》,怕是要划满整本书,于是干脆不划了。

也不能多读,读罢几页就合上了。好菜不能连续吃。长安花也不要十二时辰内看尽,慢慢看为好。

夏日偶见

超市买菜途中,看到一对天真无邪的小朋友,应是俩小兄妹。都瞪着大眼睛,小胖手攥着冰淇淋,认真啃着。阳光下,一对少男少女骑着自行车,青春活力四射,说笑着风一样飘过。顿时感觉很美好。

程序正义:如何公平地分蛋糕

“…一群人分蛋糕,怎样才能保证公平?撇开技术细节,显而易见的方法是,其他人先拿,分蛋糕的人最后拿。…”

《正义论》约翰.罗尔斯

“The intuitive idea is to design the social system so that the outcome is just whatever it happens to be, at least so long as it is within a certain range. The notion of pure procedural justice is best understood by a comparison with perfect and imperfect procedural justice. To illustrate the former, consider the simplest case of fair division. A number of men are to divide a cake: assuming that the fair division is an equal one, which procedure, if any, will give this outcome? Technicalities aside, the obvious solution is to have one man divide the cake and get the last piece, the others being allowed their pick before him. He will divide the cake equally, since in this way he assures for himself the largest share possible. This example illustrates the two characteristic features of perfect procedural justice. First, there is an independent criterion for what is a fair division, a criterion defined separately from and prior to the procedure which is to be followed. And second, it is possible to devise a procedure that is sure to give the desired outcome. Of course, certain assumptions are made here, such as that the man selected can divide the cake equally, wants as large a piece as he can get, and so on. But we can ignore these details. The essential thing is that there is an independent standard for deciding which outcome is just and a procedure guaranteed to lead to it. Pretty clearly, perfect procedural justice is rare, if not impossible, in cases of much practical interest.”

A Theory of Justice, John Rawls

无谓的仇恨

“你99.99%的苦难,与一些10万+雄文让你仇恨的对象,没有任何关系。

无谓的仇恨,会加深你的苦难。”

—尼古拉斯.赵四